蒋琳琳1,赵川2,3.某料场逆层岩质边坡开挖过程数值分析[J].水电能源科学,2019,37(1):119-122
某料场逆层岩质边坡开挖过程数值分析
Numerical Analysis of Excavation Process of Reverse Rock Slope in a Material Field
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  逆层边坡  安全系数  卸荷  剪应变
英文关键词:reverse slope  safety factor  unloading  shear strain
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划(2014BAL05B01); 西华大学流体及动力机械教育部重点实验室(重点研究基地)开放课题(szjj2015-039)
作者单位
蒋琳琳1,赵川2,3 (1. 天津大学仁爱学院 天津 301636 2. 四川省水利科学研究院 四川 成都 6100723. 西华大学 能源与动力工程学院 四川 成都 610039 
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中文摘要:
      为研究逆层岩质边坡在开挖过程中的各种响应与稳定性,建立某料场逆层边坡开挖有限元模型,分析该料场边坡在开挖施工过程中的位移、稳定安全系数和滑裂面变化趋势。计算结果表明,开挖对边坡上部岩体变形影响很小,对中部和下部岩体变形影响大;开挖过程中边坡稳定安全系数逐渐减小,开挖后边坡稳定性较好;随着开挖深度的增加,滑裂面上缘起点逐渐远离开挖面,而剪出口始终位于坡脚,以此确定了不同开挖深度的重点监测区域;可采用剪应变来描述料场开挖造成的岩体损伤,并将边坡损伤等级划分为3级。研究成果可为该料场后期施工过程中的稳定性监测和加固措施采用提供参考,也可为类似工程提供借鉴。
英文摘要:
      In order to study the response and stability of reverse rock slope during excavation, a reverse slope excavation model of a material field was established by using finite element program. And then the displacement, the stability safety coefficient and slip surface trend of the material filed in the excavation process were analyzed. The results show that the upper slope of rock mass has little deformation of excavation effect, but the deformation of middle and lower parts is obvious; The stability safety coefficient of slope reduces gradually in the excavation process, and the excavated slope is stable; With the increase of excavation depth, sliding surface on the edge starting point is away from the excavation face gradually, and the cut export has always been at the slope toe, which determined the key monitoring area of different excavation depth; The shear strain can describe quarry excavation caused by the damage of rock mass, and the damage level of the slope can be divided into 3 levels. The research results can provide reference for monitoring and reinforcing measures during the later construction of the material yard as well as for the similar projects.
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